Archive for August, 2010

The World of Jinn and Its Secrets

Sheikh M. S. Al-Munajjid, a prominent Muslim lecturer and author, who states:

“Allah Almighty has created certain creatures, some of them are known to us and some of them are not.

In his capacity as Allah’s vicegerent on earth, man is ordained by Allah to worship Him Alone without partners. Consequently, we should not get absorbed in stories about jinn, as it is not a form of worship.

The Qur’an and Sunnah indicate that jinn exist, and that there is a purpose for their existence in this life, which is to worship Allah Alone with no partner or associate. Allah Almighty says: “And I (Allah) created not the jinns and humans, except they should worship Me (Alone).” (Adh-Dhariyat: 56)

Scholars are in disagreement over the difference between jinn and demons. Some of them say that the word jinn goes far to encompass the jinn as well as the demons. The word also includes believing and unbelieving jinn. Allah Almighty says, “And among us there are righteous folk and among us there are far from that. We are sects having different rules.” (Al-Jinn: 11) “And there are among us some who have surrendered (to Allah) and there are among us some who are unjust. And whoso hath surrendered to Allah, such have taken the right path purposefully.” (Al-Jinn: 14)

However, the word demon or shaytan is used to refer to the unbelieving ones among the jinn. Allah Almighty says, “…and the devil was ever an ingrate to his Lord.‏” (Al-Isra’: 27)

The world of the jinn is an independent and separate world with its own distinct nature and features that are hidden from the world of humans. Jinns and humans have things in common, such as the ability to understand and choose between good and evil. The word jinn comes from the Arabic root meaning “hidden from sight”. Allah Almighty says: “… Verily he (shaytan) and his soldiers from the jinn or his tribe see you from where you cannot see them…” (Al-A`raf: 27)

Allah has told us in His Book the essence from which the jinn were created. He says: “And the jinn, We created aforetime from the smokeless flame o fire.” (Al-Hijr : 27) `A’ishah (may Allah be pleased with her) says that the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said: “The angels were created from light, the jinn were created from fire, and Adam was created from that which has been described to you.” (Reported by Muslim)

Types of jinn

Allah has created different types of jinn. Among them are some who can take on different forms such as dogs and snakes; some who are like flying winds with wings; and some who can travel and rest. Abu Tha`labah al-Khushni says that the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) says: “The jinn are of three types: a type that has wings and they fly through the air; a type that looks like snakes and dogs; and a type that stops for a rest then resumes its journey.” (Reported by At-Tahawi in Mushkil Al-’Athar)

The jinn and the sons of Adam

Every individual among the sons of Adam has a jinn who has been appointed to be his constant companion (qarin). Ibn Mas`ud reports that the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) says: “The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) says: ‘There is not one of you who does not have a jinn appointed to be his constant companion.’ They said, ‘And you too, O Messenger of Allah?’ He said, ‘Me too, but Allah has helped me and he has submitted, so that he only helps me to do good.’” (Reported by Muslim)

Their powers

Allah has given jinn powers that he has not given to humans. Allah has told us about some of their powers such as the ability to move and travel quickly. One of the jinn guaranteed to Prophet Sulayman (Solomon, peace and blessings be upon him) that he would bring the throne of the Queen of Yemen to Jerusalem in a moment, faster than the time needed for someone to get up from where he was sitting. Allah Almighty says: “A stalwart of the Jinn said: I will bring it thee before thou canst rise from thy place. Lo! I verily am strong and trusty for such work. One with whom was knowledge of the Scripture said: I will bring it thee before thy gaze returneth unto thee. And when he saw it set in his presence, (Solomon said) This is of the bounty of my Lord. That He may try me whether I give thanks or am ungrateful. Whosoever giveth thanks he only giveth thanks for (the good of) his own soul: and whosoever is ungrateful (is ungrateful only to his own soul’s hurt). For lo! My Lord is Absolute in independence, Bountiful.” (An-Naml: 39-40)

The food and drink of jinn

Ibn Mas`ud reports that the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) says: “There came to me an inviter on behalf of the Jinn and I went along with him and recited to them the Qur’an.” He (the narrator) said: The Prophet then went along with us and showed us their traces and traces of their embers. The Jinn asked the Prophet about their provision and he said: “Every bone on which the name of Allah is recited is your provision. The time it will fall in your hand it would be covered with flesh, and (you can have) all the droppings as food for your animals.” The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said, “So do not use (these things) for cleaning yourselves (after relieving oneself), for they are the food and provision of your brothers (Jinn).” (Reported by Muslim)

The believing jinn may eat any bone on which the name of Allah has been mentioned, because the Messenger (peace and blessings be upon him) did not permit them to have anything on which Allah’s Name has not been mentioned – those are for the unbelieving jinn.

The beasts of the jinn

According to the Hadith reported by Ibn Mas`ud, that we have quoted above, the jinn asked the Messenger (peace and blessings be upon him) for provision, and he said to them: “…and (you can have) all the droppings as food for your animals.”

The dwelling-places of the jinn

The jinn live where we do live on this earth. They are mostly to be found in ruins and unclean places like bathrooms, dunghills, garbage dumps and graveyards. Hence the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) taught us to take precautions when entering such places, by reciting the adhkar (mentioning Allah’s Name) prescribed by Islam.

One of these are reported by Anas ibn Malik (may Allah be pleased with him) who says: “When the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings be upon him) entered the toilet, he would say, Allahumma inni a`udhu bika min al-khubuthi wal-khaba’ith (O Allah, I seek Refuge with You from all offensive and wicked things [evil deeds and evil spirits]).’

Some jinns are Muslims and some are non-Muslims

Allah tells us that some of the jinn said “And there are among us some who have surrendered (to Allah) and there are among us some who are unjust. And whoso hath surrendered to Allah, such have taken the right path purposefully.‏” (Al-Jinn: 14)

Protection from harm of jinn

Because jinn can see us while we cannot see them, the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) taught us many ways to protect ourselves from their harm. They are seeking refuge of Allah from the accursed shaytan, reciting surat Al-Falaq and surat An-Nas, and reciting the words taught by Allah in the Qur’an. Allah Almighty says, “And say: My Lord! I seek refuge in Thee from suggestions of the evil ones. And I seek refuge in Thee, my Lord, lest they be present with me.” (Al-Mu’minun: 97-98)

Saying Bismillah (in the Name of Allah) before entering one’s home, eating or drinking, and having intercourse will keep Satan from entering the house or partaking with a person in his food, drink and sexual activity. Similarly, mentioning the name of Allah before entering the toilet or taking off one’s clothes will prevent the jinn from seeing a person in a state of undress or harming him. The Prophet (peace and blessings of be upon him) says: “To put a barrier that will prevent the jinn from seeing the `awrah of the sons of Adam, let any one of you say ‘Bismillah’ when entering the toilet.” (Reported by At-Tirmidhi)

Strength of faith and religion in general will also prevent jinn from harming a person, so much so that if they were to fight, the one who has faith would win. Ibn Mas`ud (may Allah be pleased with him) says: “A man from among the Companions of Muhammad met a man from among the jinn. They wrestled, and the human knocked down the jinn. The human said to him, ‘You look small and skinny to me, and your forearms look like the front paws of a dog. Do all the jinn look like this, or only you?’ He said, ‘No, by Allah, among them I am strong, but let us wrestle again, and if you defeat me I will teach you something that will do you good.’ The human said, ‘Fine.’ He said, ‘Recite (the verse): “Allah! There is no God save Him, the Alive, the Eternal. Neither slumber nor sleep overtaketh Him. Unto Him belongeth whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is in the earth. Who is he that intercedeth with Him save by His leave? He knoweth that which is in front of them and that which is behind them, while they encompass nothing of His knowledge save what He will. His throne includeth the heavens and the earth, and He is never weary of preserving them. He is the Sublime, the Tremendous.” (Al-Baqarah: 255) The human said, ‘Fine.’ He said, ‘You will never recite this in your house but the shaytan will come out of it like a donkey breaking wind, and he will never come back in until the next morning.’” (Reported by Ad-Darami)

Magic and Fortune-Telling

By Abdullah K. Abdurrahman

For thousands of years people have been fascinated, awed and fearful at the unknown and mystical, being heedless of the dangers and harm that they inflict. As Muslims it is imperative to understand these evil-filled practices and to protect ourselves from them.

Magic

Having the power to do supernatural and seemingly impossible things is referred to as ‘magic’. It can be categorized as either sorcery, which is magic that uses the power of evil spirits for evil purposes; or as illusionism, which is the skill of performing tricks in which you seem to make things appear, disappear or change, as if by magic.

Ruling

Both sorcery and illusionism are unlawful in Islam. Sorcery can only be performed with the aid of devils whose help is attained when the performer attributes them as partners to Allah in worship. Illusionism does not involve polytheism, but may none-the-less lead one astray. It is a sin because it implies an act of disobedience. Magic is a destructive act, and therefore Islam warns against it. Believers should avoid magic and magicians; take precautions to heed the danger they represent and attempt to expose their false allegations.

The following evidence from the Qur’an and Sunnah has asserted this ruling.

Allah says: ‘And indeed they knew that the buyers of it (magic) would have no share in the Hereafter. And how bad indeed was that for which they sold their own selves, if they but knew.’ [The Qur'an 2:102]

Abu Hurairah, radhiallahu anhu, related that ‘The Prophet, sallallahu alayhe wa sallam, said: ‘Avoid seven most dangerous things.’

The Companions asked: ‘O Messenger of Allah! What are these things’ He, sallallahu alayhe wa sallam, answered: ‘Making anyone or any thing a partner of Allah; practicing magic; killing a living being whose life has been declared sacred by Allah without justification; practicing usury; misappropriating the property of an orphan; running away from the infidels in a battle; and slandering chaste, innocent, believing women.’ (Bukhari and Muslim)

Ordained Punishment

According to Islamic law, the penalty that awaits every sorcerer is death. The Prophet, sallallahu alayhe wa sallam, said: ‘Kill every sorcerer, for this is the punishment ordained by Allah.’ Umar ibn al-Khattab sent messages to his viceroys in those countries under Islamic rule ordering them to kill all sorcerers. This was later confirmed by Uthman Ibn Affan, Hafsah Bint Umar, Abdullah Ibn Umar, and Jundub Ibn Abdullah, radhiallahu anhum.

Fact or Fiction

An illusion has an effect on the onlookers that seemingly make things or happen when in reality, they do not. Musa, alayhes salam, said:

‘Nay, throw you (first)! Then behold, their ropes and their sticks, by their magic, appeared to him as though they moved fast.’ (Qur’an 20: 66).

Spells can have a genuine effect that can manipulate the body; even to the extent that it can cause sexual impotence. It may also make the affected person go insane, as it disturbs the emotional balance. Allah says in the Qur’an:

‘ And from these (angels) people learn that by which they cause separation between man and his wife, but they could not thus harm anyone except by Allah’s leave.’ (2: 102)

Breaking a Magic Spell

The best way to break a spell is by reciting assigned verses from the Qur’an and to utter specific invocations specially worded by the Prophet, sallallahu alayhe wa sallam. Another allowable method would be to use medicines lawfully prescribed for the particular case under examination. What is unlawful, however is to use magic as a means to break a spell because this is likely to be done by the aid of devils.

Protection From Magic

Holding fast to Allah, seeking refuge with Him and putting trust in Him, can attain protection from magic. Also, we should do what is right in the sight of Allah, and turn away from sin. But more specifically we can recite the following verses and sayings: Whoever recites verse 255 of the Surah of al-Baqarah (No 2) before going to bed, Allah sends him a keeper that protects him against the devils until he wakes up. Recite verses 285 and 286 of the Surah of al-Baqarah.

Say: ‘I seek refuge with Allah?s perfect words from the evil of what He has created.’ Say the following three times: ‘In the name of Allah, Whose mention is a protection against whatsoever harm is on the Earth or in the Heavens. Verily, He is the All-Hearing, the All-Knowing.’

Fortune-Telling

Fortune-telling is the belief that some people possess the ability of telling other people what will happen to them in the future by using magical or mystical methods. These rulings also apply to people who claim knowledge of the unseen, such as geomancers, palmists, shell-diviners, etc. A fortune-teller uses devils who eavesdrop in the Heavens; Allah says in the Qur’an: ‘Shall I inform you (O people!) Upon whom the devils) descend’ They descend on every lying, sinful person. Who lends an ear (to the devils and they pour what they may have heard of the Unseen from the angels), and most of them are liars.’ (26:221-223) This knowledge of what the angels may have said is then passed to the people who are often prepared to believe what the fortune-teller says. The problem is that what people believe is true, has been embellished or changed, omitting the truth.

Ruling: Fortune-telling is considered ‘Shirk Akbar’ (the major and serious form of polytheism) for two reasons. First, it implies the acquisition of knowledge of the Unseen, which is unique to Allah, (alone). ‘Say: ‘None in the Heaven and the Earth knows the Ghaib (unseen) except Allah, nor can they perceive when they shall be resurrected.’ (Qur?an 27: 65). This means that any one who believes that he possesses such knowledge is certainly claiming the acquisition of a Divine attribute that Allah (alone) possesses. Second, it involves using devils and holding fast to them, a ritual that can only be perfected when the performer is in complete submission to that damned species. This is a form of polytheism.

The Danger of Attending Fortune-Telling Assemblies

In recent years, the number of fortune-tellers has dramatically increased, only being outnumbered by those who attend their assemblies and believe what they are told. Some people are fascinated and impressed by observing those who cannot miss the opportunity to make fortunes out of imparting their fabrications. People who attend fortune-telling assemblies are divided into three groups: Those who go to fortune-tellers to ask them about the future without truly believing in their falsehoods and without having the slightest intention of disclosing their falsehood to the public. People in this group are sinful and their prayers are not accepted for forty days.

Those who believe in the prophecies of the fortune-tellers and go to ask them about the future. These people are regarded as disbelievers since they deny the truthfulness of the Qur’an:

‘Say: None in the Heavens and the Earth Knows the Ghaib (Unseen) except Allah.’ (27: 65)

Those who go to fortune-tellers and only ask them in order to examine the truthfulness of their prophecies; then disclose their deceit to the public. These types of people publicize that fortune-tellers only offer misguidance that can make believers go astray. However, if someone uncertain that he is capable to take on such a task and accomplish it perfectly, he should not attempt it. Such a weighty undertaking could pose a risk to himself, and result in failure that may likely tempt people even further.

Resistance against Sheytaan

Prepared by Abul-Layth

Allah says,

As for those who strive hard in Our cause, We will surely guide them to Ours Paths (Allah’s religion) [Sooratu-l-'Ankaboot, 29: 69].

Therefore, guidance is dependent upon striving hard, not just making an effort, but to truly struggle with all one’s might! The word Allah uses for striving is ‘jaahada’. From the verb (a doing word if you like) ‘Jaahada’ come the words ‘jihaad’ and ‘al-mujaahadah’. Ar-Raaghib al-Asfahaanee (rahimahullaah) defines these words in his famous book on the language of the Qur’an, ‘Mufradaatu-Ghareebi-l-Qur’aan’ thus: ‘the words jihaad and al-mujaahadah both mean to exhaust ones resources to resist the enemy. Jihad is of three types:

1. Resisting the apparent enemy

2. Resisting the shayateen (Iblees)

3. Resisting the temptations of the self.

Shaykh Abdu-l-Qaadir al-Jilaanee (rahimahullaah) has mentioned that there are four targets for the plots of Shaytaan: the qalb (the heart), the nafs (lower self), the ‘aql (the mind), and the hawa (passionate instincts/ desires). Concerning this he said,

‘On the one hand the angel is inculcating taw in the heart. The devil, on the other hand, is busy instilling fujoor (moral depravity) in to the nafs. As a result the nafs tries to persuade the qalb to use the limbs and organs of the body for impious and immoral purposes.

Within the physical constitution there are also two target areas: the ‘aql (the mind) and the haw aa (passionate instincts). The functioning of each of theses is subject to the will of a controlling influence, namely, that of helpful guidance (tawfeeq) and that of seductive [satanic] temptation (ighwaa’).’

Allah says,

Say: ‘I take refuge with the Lord of Mankind, the King of mankind, the God of mankind, from the evil of the slinking whisperer’ [Sooratu-n-Naas, 114: 1-4]

Mullah (rahmatullah) said regarding these ayat, ‘ This means that Sheytaan likes to make himself comfortably at home in the heart of the human being. When someone remembers Allah, he slinks away and feels ill at ease, but whenever a person becomes forgetful, he stretches himself out in comfort over his heart.’ Similarly Muqaatil (rahmatullah) said,

‘He [the slinking whisperer] is the Devil in the shape of a pig attached to the heart within the physical body of the son of Adam, where he infiltrates himself smoothly as the flow of blood. Allah has given him control over that human being. Such is the import of His words:

[The slinking whisperer] who whispers in the breasts of men [Sooratu-n-Naas, 114: 5].

Thus, when the son of Adam becomes absentminded, the Devil insinuates his suggestions into his heart, until he swallows up his heart completely. He is called the Slinker [khannaas] because, when the son of Adam remembers Allah, he slinks away from his heart, leaves it and makes his exit from that person’s physical body.’

Shaky al-Jilaanee (rahmatullah) further mentions in his book ‘al-Ghunya’, the inner nature of the struggle that we must all take care of:

The struggle with Sheytaan is an inner struggle, for it is waged by the heart in the core of one’s being, and by faith (eman). When you struggle with him, therefore, your help and support is Ar-Rahmaan (the All-Merciful), your mainstay is the Al-Malik (the King) and Ad-Dayyaan (the Judge), and your hope is in the Face of Al-Jaleel Al-Mannaan (the Majestic Benefactor).

The jihad against the Kuffar is the outer battle with the sword and the spear, in which your support is provided by the ruler and the armed forces, and in which your hope is to enter the gardens of Paradise. If you are slain in the struggle with the unbelievers, your reward will be life everlasting in the abode of perpetuity. But if you are killed in the course of waging war on Sheytaan and while you are committed to opposing him, due to the expiration of you appointed term and because your moment to die has arrived, your reward will be the Face of Ar-Rabbi-l-’Aalameen (the Lord of all the Worlds) at the meeting with Him. If you are slain by a kaffir, you will be a martyr. But if you are killed by the Devil through following him obediently and carrying out his orders, you will be an outcast, banished from the nearness to Al-Malik Al-Jabbaar (the All-Compelling King).

The jihad against the kuffar has an end and there comes a time when it is over. But the jihad against the Devil and the nafs is one that has no final limit and no point of termination. As Allah has said:

And serve your Lord until the Certainty comes to you [Sooratu-l-Hijr, 15:99].

That is to say, till death and the meeting [with Him], for ibadah is performed by offering opposition to Sheytaan and haw aa (passionate instincts/ desires).

Allah has said:

The they will be thrown on their faces into it (the Fire of Hell) – they and the ghaawoon (the devils, the perverse, and those who were in error), and the hosts of Iblees, all together [Sooratu-sh-Shu'araa', 26: 94-95].

We must renew our efforts, redouble our defences, and strive to clothe ourselves in the armour of Allah’s protection from the evil of Sheytaan and of our own selves, for all good is from Allah alone. And as al-mujaahadah can also be described as at-tazkeeyah we need to recognise that it is unattainable by the greatest of all our efforts unless it is to Allah alone to Whom we turn for all our requirements and all help, as Allah has informed us,

Oh you who believe! Do not follow the steps of Sheytaan Whoever follows the footsteps of Sheytaan, then indeed he commands al-fahshaa (indecency, etc.) and al-munkar (evil deeds, polytheism, etc.). And had it not been for the grace of Allah and His Mercy upon you, none of you would be pure from sins. But Allah purifies whom He wills, and Allah is All-Hearer, All-Knower [Sooratu-n-Noor, 24:21].

Abdu-l-Ghanee an-Naabulsee said in encouraging striving, ‘Al-Mujaahadah against the nafs is a form of ibadah Only those who have ‘ilm (knowledge) acquire this. However, it is an obligation upon every Muslim’ [Sharhu-t-Tareeqati-l-Muhammadeeyah, 1/323].

In encouraging us not to waste time, we find a succinct advice from Shu’bah ibnu-l-Hajjaaju-l-Basree, ‘Do not sit idle, for indeed Death is seeking you!’

If al-mujaahadah can be described as at-tazkeeyah, then what can we learn about at-tazkeeyah? At-Tazkeeyah is to purify, and it is one of the tasks of the Prophet Muhammad (SAW), and by extension a task before us all. Allah said,

It is He Who has sent to the unlettered ones a Messenger from amongst themselves, reciting to them His signs, purifying them and teaching them the Book and the Wisdom, whereas before that they had been in clear misguidance [Sooratu-l-Jumu'uah, 62:2].

Tazkeeyah comes before teaching, as Allah has given precedence to it over teaching, and that is because tazkeeyah is one of the fruits of acting upon knowledge. Therefore, one should be aware that if his knowledge increases but he does not increase in taw, then there is something wrong with his knowledge and something wayward with his actions. Connected to this we must know that the greatest of all the fruits of tazkeeyah is sabr (patient perseverance) and zuhd (praiseworthy abstinence from the world), and the fruit of cilm (knowledge) is surely yaqeen (certitude and certainty). ‘So he who gains both… is one of the Imams of the Deen; and this is testified to by the saying of Allah,

And We made leaders, giving guidance by Our Command, whilst they had sabr and had yaqeen in Our Signs’ [Sooratu-s-Sajdah, 32:24].

Shaykhu-l-Islaam Ibn Taymeeyah used to say, ‘Through sabr and yaqeen leadership in the deen is attained’ This is indeed the case as both are the actualisations of two of the Prophet’s (SAW) tasks and who other than he (SAW) is the leader of all the Imams!

‘Abdullah ibnu-l-Mubaarak used to say, ‘the latter part of this ummah will not be rectified, except by that which rectified its first part: zuhd and yaqeen!’ And zuhd cannot be attained except by means of sabr, which cannot be attained except through tazkeeyah, which is itself, mujaahadah. And yaqeen cannot be attained except through purified Shareecah knowledge.

This process of mujaahadah will drive away the trials of the heart, namely the trials relating to false desires and the trials relating to doubts. Ibnu-l-Qayyim said, ‘the first causes intentions and desires to be corrupted, and the second causes knowledge and beliefs to be corrupted’.

So how can we begin on this road of struggle? Then I can only suggest to you and me both dear brothers the advice of Ibn cAwn when he said, ‘remembrance of people is a disease and the remembrance of Allah is the cure’. Imam ath-Thahabee commented on this, ‘Indeed, by Allah! It is very strange how we ignore the cure and race towards the disease! Allah said,

So remember me and I will remember you [Sooratu-l-Baqarah, 2:152]

And, The remembrance of Allah is greater

And He said,

Those who believe and whose hearts find tranquility in the remembrance of Allah Indeed, in the remembrance of Allah do the hearts find satisfaction [Sooratu-r-Ra'd, 13:28].

However, this will not be achieved except by the grace of Allah And whoever persists in supplication and in knocking at the door, it will be opened for him.’

And the best speech is the Speech of Allah, so I leave you, my dear brothers with the greatest reminder from our Rabb, so merciful, wise and gentle upon His slaves,

Whoever hopes for the Meeting with Allah, then Allah’s Term is surely coming, and He is the All-Hearer, the All-Knower. And whoever strives, strives only for himself. Verily, Allah is free of all wants from the ‘aalameen (all creation) [Sooratu-l-Ankaboot, 29: 5-6].

May Allah grant the Muslims the ability and guidance to strive in His way always until they meet Him.

Wal-hamdulillaahi Rabbil-’aalameen.

Ruqyah – Spiritual Healing

Ruqyah is commonly translated in English as “incantation” which carries a negative meaning, since the word incantation is usually associated with magic, spells, and witchcraft. However, Ruqyah in Islam is the recitation of Qur’an, seeking of refuge, remembrance and supplications that are used as a means of treating sicknesses and other problems.)

Ruqyah are of two types:

1) Ruqyah Ash Shar’eeya
2) Ruqyah Ash Shirkiyah

Ar-Ruqyah Ash Shar’eeyah : mentioned above, it has three conditions. Ibn Hajar (rahimuhullah) said there is a consensus on the using of Ruqyah if three conditions are met:

1) It must be with the speech of Allah (Qur’aan) and his names and attributes.

2) It must be in the Arabic language, or what is known to be its meaning in other languages.

3) To believe that Ruqyah has no benefit by itself, but the benefits are from Allah.

This type of Ruqyah is permissible and is the main subject of this topic.

Ar Ruqyah Ash Shirkiyah: this contradicts the conditions of Ruqyah Ash Shar’eeyah and has in it Shirk, associating partners with Allah. It leads a person to his destruction in this life and the next and increases calamities and sicknesses. This type of Ruqyah is prohibited, from the statement of the Prophet (saws) This type includes: Magic (whether learning, practicing, or teaching it), Fortune telling, Horoscopes, superstitious belief, and at-Tameemah ( charms and amulets).

Conditions of a person who treats with Ruqyah:

1) He must have the right belief in Allah (Based on Qur’aan, Sunnah, and keep away form Shirk, etc)

2) He must have sincerity in worshipping Allah and have a good intention in treating people

3) He must be firm in his obedience to Allah, and keep away form all that is forbidden

4) He must keep far away from all unlawful places and situations that canlead to what is forbidden, for example isolating himself with a female, etc.

5) He must guard the affairs of his patients and protect their secrets.

6) he must propagate the religion of Allah. Give the Patient advice and admontitions on the rights of Allah with regards to His commandments and prohibitions.

7) He should have knowledge about the affairs of the patient and sicknesses

8) He should have knowledge about the reality of Jinns (so as not to have them harm or threaten him while curing the patient)

Ibn Teen (Rahimuhullah) said:

“Treating with Muawwizaat, (Surah An-Naas, Al-Falaq, etc) and other forms, such as the names of Allah are medicine for the soul. So if these forms of treatment are on the tongueof the righteous, cure will be achieved bythe will of Allah.”

Conditions for the person (patient) recieving Ruqyah:

1) He must have complete belief that harm and benefit are only from Allah.

2) He must be patient.

Conditions of Ruqyah Ash Shar’eeyah:

1) It must be with the speech of Allah, His names and attributes, or the speech of His Messenger (saws)

2) It must be in Arabic, or what is known to be its meaning in other languages.

3) To believe that verily Ruqyah has no benefit by itself, but the cure is from Allah.

4) Not to perform Ruqyah in a state of major impurity (junub) or in a place that is not permissible to perform ibadah i.e. graveyard, bathroom, etc.

The Reality of Magic

Definition of magic:

1) Magic is a knot or spell that has effects on the heart and body, It causes the heart or body to become sick, it can kill a person, it separates a man and his wife, and destroys family ties.

2) It is an incantation, knot, spell, and statement that are used in speeches, written or in actions that have an effect on the body, heart or intellect of a person without having direct contact with that person. It is a reality that kills, causes sickness, or prevents relationships (sexual) between a man and his wife, causes separation between them, or between families, places anger between families or friends, and causes a person to love those whom he hates in order to have a relationship and to be a source of spreading destruction.

Magic and its existence is confirmed by the Qur’an and Sunnah and is agreed upon by the scholars. It is a reality and a truth, and it affects a person only by Allah’s will. There is a consensus among the scholars of Tafseer that Surah Al-Falaq was revealed because of Habeebbin Asum who did magic on the Prophet (saws)

Magic is an art that requires skill and proficiency from the one who performs it. It is a type of knowledge that has a foundation, methodology and principles. However, learning it is not permissible and it is kufr (disbelief) because it cannot be learned or practiced without requesting the help of Shaytan, worshipping him, and using forbidden and unlawful things. So it is kufr to learn or practice it.

Imam Ibn Hajar (rahimuhullah) said: ” Magic is disbelief and learning it is kufr.” Fath ul Bari 10/195

Imam An-Nawawi (rahimuhullah) said: ” THe knowledge of magic is forbidden and it is among the major sins.” Fatawa Ibn Baz 2/384

The Prophet (saws) included it among the major sins that destroy mankind and needs to be kept away from.

Ibn Qudaamah said: ” teaching and learning magic is forbidden and there is no difference on the issue by the scholars.” Al-Mughnee 8/151

The Punishment for Magicians:

The punishment for magicians is beheading. The Prophet (saws) said:

” The punishment for a magician is beheading.”

Umar (RA) ordered all magicians to be killed in his time. This proves the severity of magic. So it is compulsory on us to keep away from magic and anything that is connected to it.

Treatment For Magic:

Treatment has two divisions:

1) What is taken as prevention form magic before it occurs:

a) Be mindful and perform all compulsory acts, and leave off all that is unlawful, and seek repentance form all evil deeds.

b) Constantly recite, contemplate, and act on the glorious Qur’an in which it becomes a daily routine.

c) Seek protection with supplications, seeking refuge and remembrances that are legislated by Allah and his messenger (saws)

1) From among those supplications are the following:
* ” In the name of Allah, with whose name nothing is harmed on the Earth,nor in the Heavens, and He is the All-hearing, All-Knowing.” 80/86

* Recite Ayah-tul-Kursy after every prayer, before sleeping, every morning,and every evening. As-Sahih Ibn Majah 2/332

* Recite the following three times in the mornings, evenings, and before sleeping

Surah Al-Ikhlaas, Al-Falaq, and An-Naas

2) One must be mindful and recite the remembrances and supplications of the mornings and evenings , as well as the remembrances and supplications after every prayer, before sleep, upon waking, before traveling etc.

d) Eat seven dates in the morning if its possible, as stated by the Prophet (saws)

” Whoever wakes up in the morning and eats seven Ajwah dates, (preferably from the boundaries of Madinah he will never be afflicted by poison nor magic. ” Al Bukhari 10/247, Al Muslim 3/1617

The Second Division:

Treatment of Magic after it has occurred.

A ) First Type: Extract and destroy the magic- If the Magic is known, extracting and destroying it with permissible methods from the Qur’an and Sunnah, is the best and most suitable way of curing it.

B ) Second type: Ruqyah Ash-Shar’eeyah- from among them are:

1) Grind seven green Lote leaves, then pour water over it (enough to take a shower) and recite the following over it:

* I seek refuge in Allah from Satan the accursed.

* SUrah Al-Faatihah

* Surah AL-Baqarah ayat 1-5

* Surah Al-Baqarah ayah 102

* Surah Al- Baqarah ayah 137

* Surah Al-Baqarah ayah 255 (ayat-ul-Kursy)

* Surah Al-Baqarah ayah 284-286

* Surah AL-Imraan, ayaat 1-5

* Surah Al-Imran, ayah 85

* Surah Al-an’aam, ayah 17

* Surah Al-A’raaf, Ayaat 54-56

* Surah Al-A’raaf, ayaat 117-122

* Surah Yunus, ayaat 79-82

* Surah Al-Israa ayah 82

* Suarah Al-Kahf, ayah 39

* Surah At-Taha, ayaay 65-69

* Surah Al-Mu’minoon, ayaat 115 118

* Surah Yaaseen, ayaat 1-9

* Surah As-Saafaat, ayaat 1-10

The Reality of the Evil Eye

The evil eye is a terrible affliction that afflicts mankind; it is the most widespread affliction in the world. Most people of this nation (Muslims) will die from it after what Allah has decreed. The Prophet (saws) aid:

” Most of those who will die from my nation after what Allah has decreed will be from the evil eye. ” (Fath al-haqq al Mubeen, As-Sahih, 747)

The evil eye is a reality and a truth that a person needs to seek cure and protection from. The Prophet (saws) said : ” The evil is true (reality)….” (Sahih Muslim, 2188)

It is permissible in Islam to seek Ruqyah for it, as Annas(radiallahu anh) narrated that the Prophet (saws) Made it an ease to take Ruqyah for fever and the evil eye. (Sahih Muslim 2197)

The evil eye is from two sources:

1) the evil eye from mankind
2) the evil eye from Jinn

The evil eye from mankind is confirmed in many narrations, as Abu Sated (radiallahu anh) said the Prophet (saws) said to seek refuge from jinn’s and the evil eye from mankind. (At-tirmidhi, 2058)

As for evil eye from jinn’s, it has been narrated ny Umm Salamah (radiallahu anhaa) that the Prophet (saws) saw in her house a slave girl and in her face was sa faa’ah. upon which the Prophet (saws) aid: ” Seek Ruqyah for her, for verily she is afflicted with a look (evil eye). ” (Al-Bukhari, 5739)

The scholars have said “As-sa-faa’ah” is the evil eye from Jinn’s.

The reason for the evil eye is mostly because of envy (envy is to wish for the prevention of bounty for another person, even though the envier doesn’t wish for this bounty). The reality of envy is the result of hatred and malice, which is the result of anger. ( Fath Al-Haq Al-Mubeen, 219)
The evil eye is like an arrow or spear that leaves the soul of the envier and goes to the person that is envied. It afflicts the person envied at times and sometimes it doesn’t. When it doesn’t afflict him, it is because of the protective methods he uses (whether supplications, seeking refuge, etc.) Also, when it doesn’t. afflict him, the evil eye can return to the envier. ( The Medicine of the Prophet, 138)

What is an important fact to know is that the evil eye has no effect except by Allah’s will. A man can give himself the evil eye and he can also give it to others. It can afflict someone without even being seen by the envier. For example, a blind man cannot see a person, but he can still cast the evil eye, or perhaps if the person is not around and they are described to the envier without being seen by him, it can afflict that person. It can also be afflicted by one being amazed at himself without being envious to himself or others. The evil eye can be done by anyone, even a loved one or a righteous person.

So, it is incumbent on each and every one of us to take the necessary precautions and try to prevent being affected by the evil eye, and to say the supplications and remembrance upon seeing something amazing and good. (Fath Al-Haq Al-Mubeen, 198)

The Treatment of the Evil Eye

There are categories of treatment for those afflicted with the evil eye.

The first category: Treatments before the evil eye occurs:

There are many types, which is as follows:

* Protect yourself and those whom you fear for from it with remembrances, supplications and seeking refuge that is in accordance with the Qur’an and Sunnah, as is mentioned in the first category for the treatment of magic.

* supplicate for whom you fear might be afflicted with it (if you see something within yourself, your wealth, your son, your brother or anything that amazes you) with blessing. From the statement of the Prophet (saws)

” If anyone says from his brother what amazes him, let him supplicate for him with blessings: This is what Allah wills, there is no strength except with Allah, O Allah bless him with it. ”

* Guard anything or anyone that is attractive and may be a recipient of the evil eye. This means:

1) When a person has a beautiful family he should guard them by seeking protection from Allah for them, teaching and commanding them to do so, and also by dressing them properly not to expose their bodies or beauty so as not to be envied and affected by the evil eye. The Prophet (saws) used to seek protection for Hassan and Hussein by saying:

” I seek refuge for both of you in the perfect words of Allah and from every satan, vermin, and from every evil eye.”

2) If someone has wealth, he should guard it by asking Allah to bless and protect it and be thankful to Allah.

3) If someone has good news and he knows people will envy him because of it, he should guard it by keeping it secret.

NOTE: If you know a person is famous for being envious and is known to affect people with the evil eye, it is important to keep away from him.he Second Category: Treatments after the affliction of the evil eye:

1) If the person who causes the evil eye is known, command him to make ablution (wudu) and then the afflicted person should shower with the water form the ablution. (sunan abu Dawud 419).

2) Recite as much as possible:

Surah Al Fatiha
Surah Al-Baqarah ayah 137
Surah An-Nisaa Ayah 54
Surah Al-Qalam ayah 51
Surah Al-Mulk ayah 3
Surah Al Ahqaaf ayah 31
Surah Al-Israa ayah 82
Surah Al-Fussilat ayah 44
Surah Yunus ayah 57
Surah at-Tawbah ayah 14
Surah Ash-Shu’araa ayah 80
Ayat al Kursy (ayah 255, surah Al Baqarah)
Surah Al Ikhlaas, Al-Falaq, and An-Nas.

Recite the above ayah,along with all the authentic supplications that have been mentioned previously. then blow in the right hand and wipe over the place of pain, as has been stated in the second type of treatment for magic.

3) Recite over water and blow into it. It is better if the recitation is done over ZamZam or rain water. Then, the sick person should drink from it and pour the remainder over himself, or recite over olive oil and anoint his entire body with it.

The Third Category: implementing the necessary steps that keep away the evil eye from the envier’s.

They are as follows:

1) Seek refuge in Allah form all evil.
2) Fear Allah and implement all of his commands and keep away from all that he prohibited. The Prophet (saws) said ” Be mindful of Allah and he will protect you. ” (Sahih at-Tirmidhi)
3) exercise patience to the envier, pardon him, do not fight him or complain about him and do not possess any evil inner feelings to harm him.
4) Have complete trust in Allah for whomever places his trust in Allah , Allah will be enough for him.
5) have no fear of the envier and do not keep pondering or thinking about him, this is a very beneficial treatment.
6) turn to Allah in sincerity and seek his pleasure in all things.
7) Seek repentance from all sins because they humiliate mankind.

Allah says: ‘ And whatever calamities befall you, it is because of what your own hands have earned, and He pardons much. ” Surah Sh-Shu’araa, ayah 30

8) Give optional charity and do as much good as possible. for verily that has a great and amazing effect in combating evil form the envier.

9) Keep away from the fire of the envier, the oppressor, and those who afflict others, by being good to them. For every moment they increase in evil, oppression, and envy, you increase in being good to them. Give them advice, be merciful, and pardon them. This cannot be achieved easily except for one who has a great fortune from Allah.

10) have complete sincerity and belief in the unity of Allah, The Wise, The Judge. He is harmed by nothing and nothing benefits him. glory be to Him and He is above all things – (Ibn Qayyim 2/238-245)

The Strategy of Shaytan

To achieve his goal, Shaytan first lures mankind into Shirk and Kufr, such as visiting graves and invoking the dead or saints for help, practicing magic, etc. because associating partners with Allah is the greatest sin. ‘Like when Shaytan says to man, ‘Disbelieve in Allah.’ But when (man) disbelieves in Allah, Shaytan says, ‘I am free of you, I fear Allah, the Lord of the Alameen (mankind, jinn and all that exists).’ [Soorah al-Hashr (59): 16] If Shaytan overcomes the son of Adam with this and succeeds to make him a disbeliever, then he is satisfied and pleased.

If he cannot manage to deceive people into committing Shirk and Kufr, he does not give up. He causes people to follow bidah (innovations) and take them as their religion like celebrating Mawlid, celebrating the night of Isra wal-Miraj, celebrating 15th Shabaan by fasting and praying and as Sufyan ath-Thawri said, ‘Bidah is more dearer to the Shaytan than sin, for, one may repent from sin, but not from bidah.’ Because when one sins, he knows that he is disobeying Allah and some time, he may turn to Allah and seek forgiveness and be pardoned. But one, who practices Bidah, deems his actions to be a form of worship to Allah and thus never even thinks of repentance. ‘Say (O Muhammad), ‘Shall We tell you the greatest losers in respect of (their) deeds? Those whose efforts have been wasted in this life while they thought that they were acquiring good by their deeds!’ [Soorah al-Kahf (18): 104] meaning, ‘they performed deeds that do not count, deeds that are not in accordance with the prescribed way that is acceptable to Allah’ and ‘they thought that there was some basis for their deeds and that they were accepted and loved.’ [See, Tafseer Ibn Katheer]

If Shaytan fails at causing people to following innovations, he will move on to calling them to major sins like abandoning prayers – particularly if the person is well educated or respected, because a lot of people will follow his example. It is mentioned in the Qur’aan, ‘Shaytan wants only to excite enmity and hatred between you with intoxicants (alcoholic drinks) and gambling, and hinder you from the remembrance of Allah and from As-Salaat (the prayer).’ [Soorah al-Maidah (5): 91]

However, if the believer withholds, Shaytan is still not discouraged, he calls them to minor sins. It is recorded in Sunan Tirmidhee (2/230 (no. 1753), ‘Shaytan has despaired of ever being worshiped in this land of yours, but he will be obeyed in matters that you think of as insignificant, and he will be content with that.’ And Allah’s Messenger (sallalalhu alaihi wa-sallam) warned us concerning minor sins by giving an example of how a great fire can be kindled if small wooden sticks are collected in a place. Similarly, minor sins if allowed to accumulate, might destroy a sinner, he (sallalalhu alaihi wa-sallam) said, ‘Beware of the insignificant sins like a people who stayed (abode) in a valley, then this one brought a stick, that one brought a stick and others brought sticks too until they cooked their bread (meal). Verily, the person who commits these (minor) sins will be seized by these sins and be destroyed.’ [Musnad Ahmad]

If the believer still emerges safe from his traps, Shaytan seeks to keep him occupied with permissible matters, like sleeping, eating, pursuing worldly affairs, etc. Spending one’s time and efforts in these will earn him neither reward nor punishment, though he will miss the rewards he would have gained if he has spent his time in performing good deeds. If the believing slave is not deceived and manages his time well, Shaytan will make him busy with less virtuous deeds instead of what is more preferable and rewarding, in order for him to miss the reward of the best and most virtuous deed.

After employing all kinds of temptations and deceptive arguments, if Shaytan still does not succeed in his endeavors to divert the children of Adam from religious commitments, he resorts to corrupt their acts of worship and obedience, so that he can deprive them of the rewards. He seeks to stir up doubts in order to make a person feel anxious and uncertain. In Saheeh al-Bukharee, it is narrated from Abu Hurayrah y that the Messenger of Allah (sallalalhu alaihi wa-sallam) said, ‘When the call to prayer is given, the Shaytan runs away breaking wind loudly, so that he will not hear the adhaan. When the call to prayer ends, he comes back, but when the iqaamah starts, he runs away. And when the prayer begins, he comes back until he whispers into the heart of the person, and says to him, ‘Remember such and such, remember such and such things that he did not remember before the prayer until he does not know how many raka’ahs he has prayed.’ [Saheeh al-Bukharee (608)]

Such whisperings of Shaytan are the weakest of his tricks. The companions of the Messenger of Allah (sallalalhu alaihi wa-sallam) complained to him (sallalalhu alaihi wa-sallam) that they noticed some waswaas that they disliked and did not want to speak of, and he (sallalalhu alaihi wa-sallam) said to them, ‘Praise be to Allah, Who has reduced his tricks to whispers.’ [Saheeh Abu Dawood]

If the person is undefeated even after this, the next step of Shaytan is to harm the person by, for example, persecuting him or distorting his reputation and his devotion to the religion. This is intended to discourage the person from his commitment to the religion. Many scholars have been tortured or killed in prison because of their commitment to Islam!!

Positive Reinforcement to Cure a Porn Addict

It has become commonly understood among mental health professionals that positive reinforcement is far more effective a technique than negative reinforcement. However, in practice, this can be a very significant challenge. In the case of porn addiction, those involved are at a highly emotionally charged state. The addict is embarassed, frustrated and maybe even physically weakened (i.e. from lack of sleep). The spouse or significant other is insulted, hurt, perhaps feeling betrayed, and usually, there has been a lot of fighting and hurting going on within the relationship around the issue of pornography and using it for sexual satisfaction.

Recovery systems have been defined by therapists and mental health professional to provide people with a framework from which to motivate addicts into treatment. Being nice and using positive reinforcement is more effective and healthier for all involved. Consider, for example, making a list of the REWARDS that will motivate the addict -that are not detrimental in any way to his health — and find ways to introduce those things at the right moments. Unlike insulting and shaming him, the likelihood of getting his agreement to seek help is far greater, when using positive reinforcement.

Research shows that family members can learn techniques to get their  loved ones into addiction treatment and help the treatment succeed. Consider that it is easier to get someone to listen to kind and encouraging words than to harsh words and criticism. Threatening can be counter productive and only make the addict more resistant to you and your eagerness to help.

Once in a recovery program, family and friends who are aware of the situation should be briefed on how to provide positive reinforcement and act as motivators. This can make a world of a difference in achieving success and a cure.

Source: http://www.internet-addiction-guide.com/porn-addiction/positive-reinforcement-to-cure-a-porn-addict/

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